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This paper reviews the current situation of the regulation covering international shipping in light of the challenges of the 21st century. It analyzes the leading role of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) since its creation and the significant evolutions of the maritime regulatory framework over the last few decades through the adoption of key instruments aiming to enhance safety, security, and environmental protection. The conclusion is that while one can observe international maritime regulation have led to successful achievements, persistent insufficiencies have remained especially regarding the mitigation of ships’ environmental footprint. Unilateral legislations have flourished in order to compensate for the IMO's slow pace. A new policy paradigm is required to promote a proactive and ambitious maritime regulation capable of addressing the key challenges of our century.
Climate change, Governance, Green ports, IMOMarine pollution, Maritime safety, Maritime security, Mitigation, Ship's air pollution, Ships’ emissions, Sustainability
Environmental Studies | Transportation