Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Conference Name

Protecting the ocean - moving forward at 50: London Convention and Stockholm Declaration

Conference Location


Conference Dates

10 - 13 October 2022

Publication Date




Fifty years have elapsed since environmental concerns were brought to the fore of the international community’s attention. The year 2022 marks the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the London Convention and the Stockholm Declaration, two landmark international instruments that set a path towards the current international environmental regulatory framework. The International Maritime Organization and the World Maritime University hosted the joint International Academic Conference ‘Protecting the Ocean – Moving forward at 50: London Convention and Stockholm Declaration’ with the aim of raising awareness, discussing ocean-climate-related topics, and charting new avenues for impactful future research and policy initiatives. This report compiles the main contributions of distinguished experts from government ministries, United Nations agencies, international and regional organisations, academic institutions and civil society organisations who presented at the Conference between 10–13 October, in Malmö, Sweden, and online.