Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Conference Name

International Association of Maritime Universities

Conference Location

Batumi, Georgia

Conference Dates

19-22 October, 2022

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Publication Date



A plethora of catastrophic disasters resulting in numerous life-losses at sea can be noted, while searching and studying Maritime History. On a positive notion, through the course of time, the maritime industry has experienced technological innovations and advancements in many areas that truly metamorphosed the conduct of safe navigation, the radio-communications field and shed light to many chronic issues of the industry. In an epoch of various significant advancements in many areas of the operation of a vessel, it is quite surprising to notice that analogous progress has not been made in the manifestation/evacuation procedures followed today on cruise and passenger ships. It is worth mentioning that the mustering and life-boat embarkation procedures followed on many cruise and passenger vessels remain unchanged through the years, resembling the exact methods followed on the early 20th century.