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Formal safety assessments
Offshore Safety Management Implementing a SEMS Program
A very brief overview of some of the technical analyses used to build a safety management system—primarily in the design phase—is provided in this chapter. The International Maritime Organization (IMO, 2002) lists the five stages in the development of a formal safety assessments (FSA): Identification of hazards (a list of all relevant accident scenarios with potential causes and outcomes), assessment of risks, identification of control options, cost-benefit assessment for each risk control option, and recommendations for decision making. Further guidance is provided in ISO 31010: risk management—risk assessment techniques. An FSA should show that all pertinent regulations and standards have been addressed. It demonstrates that all reasonably practicable steps have been taken to ensure the safety of employees in the event of an emergency and during their transit to a place of safety. It should be demonstrated in particular that the integrity of the temporary refuge (TR), escape, and evacuation routes are maintained in the case of a major accident event, and that all reasonably practicable steps have been taken to ensure the safety of employees in the event of an emergency and during transit to a place of safety.