Date of Award
Master of Science in Maritime Affairs
General Maritime Administration & Environment Protection
This dissertation looks at the types and main sources of marine pollution in Kenya, the existing national regulations and their comparison with the international legislation, and the damage that the Kenyan marine environment has sustained from accidental oil spills. The global environmental protection framework is analysed and the international conventions the Kenya government has ratified so far are indicated. The author further examines the current environmental protection regulations in Kenya against international standards and gives solutions for remedy where they are found lacking. The role of IMO in the prevention of the marine industry especially in the protection of the marine environment in Kenya is shown. This has largely been through providing and financing technical assistance for research and implementing policies. ISM code and its use in reducing accidental pollution and the impact this will have on the marine environment is looked into. The existing oil spill contingency plans in Kenya, Mombasa (Kilindini) port contingency plan and the National contingency plan, their weaknesses, effectiveness and future plans are examined. Since a major oil spill would implicate resources, industry, etc., the author tries to examine what is the role of international regulation (OPRC) can be used to in co-operating to combat at major oil spill emergency would be. This study aims to look at the existing contingency plans in Kenya in order to give suggestions for combating major oil spill emergencies to protect the marine environment on Kenya coast.