Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs


General Maritime Administration & Environment Protection


Malmö, Sweden



First Advisor

Pardo, Fernando.


The marine environment is an essential part of the global biosphere, the oceans cover almost the fourths of the earth’s surface, contain over the 90 per cent of the world’s water resources, and are home to many forms of marine life. The oceans are also environmentally susceptible to natural and human-related activities, such as climatic changes, sea level rise, dredge and fill activities, charmelisation, sedimentation, sewage discharges and shoreline development, among many others. therefore there is an urgent need for immediate action, to stop further destruction of the marine environment caused by offshore and land based activities. This dissertation is a study of the different sources of pollution in Maputo Bay focusing on shipping activities and land-based source of marine pollution. The purpose of this study is centred on the three main points Firstly, the dissertation highlights the potential sources of pollution in Maputo Bay. Secondly, it gives the comparative_studies of the attention given to the marine environment, in order to reduce pollution caused by port activities in ports of Helsingborg and Maputo. Thirdly, it provides a proposal for an action plan for the prevention and reduction of pollution in Maputo Bay.