Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs


General Maritime Administration & Environment Protection


Malmö, Sweden



First Advisor

Pardo, Fernando.


The dissertation is a study of the state of the marine environment and pollution control set-up in Pakistan. The principle features of Pakistan marine environment are highlighted with the_ evaluation of pollution in different areas. The areas of extensive marine pollution are pointed out. The importance of the endangered wetland habitats is highlighted. The hazards associated with marine pollution are examined. The main sources of marine pollution are investigated. The measures to control marine pollution are collated. The development of legal documents for marine environment protection is scrutinised. The current global control of marine pollution is discussed and compared to that of Pakistan. The importance of some important IMO conventions is briefly evaluated. The current national policy and legislation for marine environment protection in Pakistan are investigated. The roles of national environmental organizations are examined. The significance of the current national environment laws is highlighted. The present set-up for a possible marine oil spill in Pakistan is examined. The concluding chapters set out proposals to improve the present set-up of marine pollution control in Pakistan and the roles of other organizations, related to marine environment protection, are collated. A number of recommendations are made concerning the refined measures to control marine pollution.