Date of Award
Master of Science in Maritime Affairs
General Maritime Administration & Environment Protection
Constant increase in an annual oil consumption world-wide from 880,632 million gallons in 1983 to 1,004,268 million gallons in 1993 demonstrates the grgmng v ' mr 1 n n iilii iltn in ' " ‘ of 0j]_SQl_USinto the coastal and marine .....' ‘ The most catastrophic oil spills reportedly took place in 1979 when about 193 million gallons ofoilweredischargedintotheseas.Withnoexception, '.I A threats of oil nnllntinn ' since the nation araduallv involves with ma_u'1imetransnort and oil and gas ‘ ‘ ‘ When introduced into the seas, an oil spill presents two kinds of negative impacts: ecological impact, including impact on biological processes, marine plankton, fish and shellfish, marine mammals, birds communities and ecosystems, human health, and on shore vegetation, and economic impact, including impact on fishing industry, tourism industry, shipping sectors and on other industrial uses. Toprevent,mitigateandminimisethreatsofoil pollutioninCambodia, C " . Plan(NCPlis Jtoensureatimelyand effective response to oil pollution incidents by pre-designating the responsible organisation and providing adequate resources. The plan addresses issues, including emergency notification, incident evaluation and plan activation, response strategies, sensitive area identification, and communication system. To be effective, the plan should be supported by legislation. Various levels of emergency response should be provided beginning with local plans and expanding to national and regional plans.