Date of Award

1996

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs

Specialization

General Maritime Administration & Environment Protection

Campus

Malmö, Sweden

Country

Philippines

First Advisor

Sampson, Theodore

Abstract

Marine pollution is just one of those enviromnental problems that the world faces today. However, it has far and wide-reaching impacts on the earth and its population, thus making it one of the most important subjects in global environmental issues. Although pollution of the sea comes from various sources, that which comes from marine transportation is given more attention because of its potential threat to the marine environment. Many of the international regulations relating to marine pollution prevention are the outcome of maritime accidents which have caused extensive oil spills. Legislation has been concerned with new designs, structure and equipment. But, it cannot be fully effective until the human factor is committed to safety and possesses a high respect for the environment. This study envisions to provide a framework for incorporating environmental education in the Philippine maritime education and training system to raise the environmental awareness of Filipino seafarers. The existing curriculum for maritime education is examined and compared with the recent requirements of the STCW '95 with regard to the knowledge and proficiency of seafarers on marine pollution prevention and environment protection. The approach discussed in this study is the integration of pollution prevention and enviromnent protection in the curriculum of Filipino seafarers. Other important components of an effective and expanded environmental education (EE) are also being examined. These include setting up of new policy directions to incorporate an environmental component in the maritime education programs. competence building for maritime trainers. establishment of regional EE centers and expanding the role of the National Maritime Polytechnic as the BE coordinating center for the maritime 369101’. The concluding chapters offer measures to improve existing conditions of the Philippine maritime education and training system to effectively respond to the new demands of the international shipping industry. It is also complemented by a plan to integrate marine pollution prevention and environment protection in the curriculum of Filipino seafarers. The interplay between international environmental policy and national action is emphasized to achieve an effective EE program in the maritime sector. The guiding principle in the development of this study is that. “it is the professional men and responsible administration that will improve the state of the marine environment and not repressive or punitive legislation."

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