A study for upgrading the vessel traffic services [VTS] in Korean coastal waters
The rapid growth of marine traffic volume in the Korean waters has created difficulties in navigation, and increased the risk in those areas during the last three decades. In addition to the traffic volume increase, ship’s higher speed tendency and larger size tendency lead to more frequent and bigger casualties occurring in those areas. Various measures have been taken to improve navigation safety in those areas such as, aids to navigation, vessel movement reporting systems, traffic separation schemes, and the radar surveillance systems in some port areas also. However, casualties occurred in those areas has not decreased. They are still increasing. If there is no adequate device provided, those tendencies regarding the casualties are expected to be increased more in the future. ; For the purpose of developing safe navigation and preventing traffic accidents in Korean coastal areas, it is needed to examine maritime environment and to analyze the casualties occurred in those arenas, in order to identify the issues and problems existing in those areas. This study used many statistical data in examining the maritime environment, analyze marine casualties, and evaluate existing traffic services in Korean coastal areas. Meanwhile, research has been carried out on the VTS concept, equipment, its future trends, and also case studies carried out on VTS status and its effectiveness has taken place in foreign countries. Finally, on the basis of the findings in this study, it is suggested to maintain adequate VTS in Korean coastal areas to prevent accidents and to help safe navigation. The conclusions include recommendations to extend the advanced VTS system to major ports in Korea and consolidate the VTS authority to extend their services to fully operational VTS functions.