Date of Award
Master of Science in Maritime Affairs
Maritime Safety & Environmental Administration
Marine pollution have been considered as one of serious environmenta1 problems. Oil pollution is the most obvious and common one in the marine environment. It was caused by many reasons. However, shipping activities may be considered as one of the biggest trouble-makers of the oil pollution at sea. This paper will focus on the oil pollution caused by the shipping activities. It intends to give our readers a general impression about the marine oil pollution and its control in the world and in China, In Chapter One, oil pollution sources were intensively analysed and the annual quantity of oil entering seas of each individual source in the worldwide term was estimated according to the latest materials available. Through this chapter, the readers may find that which pollution source is the biggest one in the shipping activities. Changes and trends of the major pollution sources were also shown in this chapter. In Charter Two, now to control the marine oil pollution was discussed. Arguments focused on the international 1egxS1ations and through these arguments, the readers may get a idea about how the legislation was going on in the following aspects, i.e. legal aspects, technical aspects and administrative aspects. Intensive analyses were made in the order of the oil pollution sources appeared in the previous chapter (only shipping aspects). Therefore, the readers may choose what they are interested to read. In Chapter Three, the main light was focused on the situation of the controlling oil pollution in China. Through this chapter, the readers may find that the oil pollution situation happened in China, how the Chinese Government conducted its marine oil pollution control and what was its organization. Discussions were concentrated on how to enforce the international conventions through the national legislation and how to control the marine oil pollution efficiently and effectively through administrative controlling methods. However, other aspects were also dealt with such as the development of the Chinese oil industry and the Chinese ship fleet, personnel trainings and educations etc. In Chapter Four, the author made some suggestions and recommendations for the control of the marine oil pollution in China. These suggestions and recommendations could not be considered as the best or the most suitable methods for the control 1 of the marine oil pollution in China. The readers may exercise their own experience to judge and to make the best decision. In Chapter Five, conclusions were made for this paper. Through them, the readers may find the ending purpose of the author to write this paper.