Date of Award
Master of Science in Maritime Affairs
As a result of the restrictions imposed by MARPOL 73/78 on operational discharges, it has become essential for ships to retain all or a greater proportion of oily waste on board. In turn, this calls for the provision of adequate port reception facilities. The objective of this paper is to assist in providing for an adequate number of reception facilities for oily wastes in Democratic Yemen Ports and controlling their operation. The paper begins with tracing the development of the different requirements and regulations controlling the discharge of oily waste from ships and the provision of reception facilities in ports since 1954. Then Chapter 3 covers the Guidelines on the provision of adequate reception facilities in ports as prepared by the Maritime Environment Protection Committee. The importance of the Gulf of Aden as a main route of shipping, the impact of pollution in this area in general, and the activities in the country related to the oil industry are all covered in Chapter 4. The reception facilities available in Democratic Yemen and the adequacy of these facilities are discussed in Chapter 5. The conclusions and recommendations which form Chapter 6 are based on the following: a) to process the effluent such that it is purified and separated to comply with the provision of the MARPOL 73/78 Convention. b) to cope with the estimated traffic and throughputs of effluent, c) to have the required storage capacity, d) to have suitable connections to the discharging vessels to ensure complete transfer of the effluent ashore. e) to have a good controlling process over the adequacy of the facilities and their operation.