Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs


Maritime Safety & Environmental Administration


Malmö, Sweden



First Advisor

Hansen-Tangen, E.


The international maritime conventions and regulations and the national legislation concerning safety at sea almost were proceeded by catastrophies before they came into existence. Therefore, the emergence of the reduced manning ships was countered by a lot of noise and obstacles created by the safety people all around. This thesis in Part A, is not to hinder or slow down the process, it is a rational study to the phenomenon, evaluation of the pros and cons, removing the obstacles to consildate safety on board. It is actually an initiative to harness, think over and an attempt to regulate and control the safety requirements, once, before a catastrophy will take place. The International Conference on Marine Engineering systems (ICMES) was held in Malmo in 1987 and was addressed by Mr. C.P. Srivastava, Secretary General of IMO. He requested the presence to work and convince the others to work on the issue of transferring the marine technology to the developing countries. Since that moment I decided to do something about it. Part "B" of this thesis is an attempt for studying and analysing all the factors surrounding the transfer of marine technology from the developed to the developing countries. A considerable stress is made on the application of the "hihg-tech" ships, discussed in Part "A", in the developing countries and Sudan in particular.