Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs


Shipping Management


Malmö, Sweden



First Advisor

Francou, Bernard


This dissertation is a study of economic concepts of ship scrapping, various toxic substances available on ships, their adverse effects on the environment in south Asian ship scrapping countries and possible solutions to raise the standards of ship scrapping to make it safe for the environment and human health. Ships, after the end of their economic life, are scrapped to recover many valuable materials, which are either recycled or reused. Ship scrapping is labour intensive. It is an economic activity, which has the tendency to be located in developing countries. A brief look has been taken at the economics of ship scrapping. Ship scrapping is a dirty and environmentally unfriendly industry. Ships contain some potentially hazardous substances too, which, if not handled appropriately, cause environmental pollution. It is a fact that ship scrapping is proving detrimental for the environment in south Asian scrapping countries, where environmental rules are lax. The study describes its impact on environment. The dissertation also contains a discussion and analysis of a few proposals to raise the standards of scrapping and in the end, a course of action has been recommended.