Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs


Maritime Education & Training


Malmö, Sweden



First Advisor

Muirhead, Peter M.


This dissertation deals with safety management in shipping. The effect of sustained economic pressure on shipboard safety and pollution prevention standards has been briefly discussed in this study. This treatise goes on to explain the role of the human element in maritime accidents. This study provides an overview of the classical regulatory environment in the shipping industry. The development of formal safety management guidelines from a proposal of a member-state at the International Maritime Organisation has been traced in this dissertation. Spontaneous initiatives of various organisations within the shipping industry to develop safety, pollution prevention and quality codes have been delineated. Recognising the symbiotic relationship between safety management and quality management, various tenets of quality management and their applicability to safety management have been examined. A detailed analysis of the International Safety Management (ISM) Code has been undertaken. In doing so, each requirement of the Code has been separately examined and a method of compliance has been recommended. The core of this paper contains details for implementation of the ISM Code by a shipping company operating tankers. A step-by-step procedure consisting of safety assessment, development of management controls, implementation of controls, monitoring and review has been proposed. A framework of the documentation required has been described and an outline of the contents of the documents has been suggested. The dissertation closes with conclusions drawn from the investigations of this study and makes recommendations on how various players in the shipping arena can contribute to the successful implementation of the ISM Code.