Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs


Maritime Education & Training


Malmö, Sweden



First Advisor

Muirhead, Peter M.


This dissertation focuses on the present training schemes at the N.I.O.C South Oil Fields Marine Academy, for pilots and tug masters working within the Iranian oil exporting ports. The paper highlights the current weaknesses and obstacles experienced, in attempting to upgrade the system. The future outlook for Iranian oil supply and demand is studied and on the basis of this investigation the required future manpower need for pilotage operations at Iranian oil terminals is identified. A comparison is made between the standard of present tug master and pilot training schemes in this academy with those of some developed countries, as well as with the standard proposed by the International Maritime Organization and the International Maritime Pilot Association. Special attention is paid to, the problems involved in the safe operational, managerial, and legal aspects of pilotage operations. In this regard, the knowledge and experience required by tug masters and pilots, with particular emphasis on the new technological developments, teaching aids and methodology, are discussed. In order to overcome some of the problems in the present training schemes and provide flexibility and mobility in the system, a proposal is made for the development of integrated operational and managerial training for pilots and tug masters with particular reference to the Iranian oil exporting ports. In conclusion, recommendations are offered with a view to meeting the technological advancements in the maritime world, and establishing an internationally recognized minimum criteria for training tug masters and pilots in this academy.