Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs


Maritime Education & Training


Malmö, Sweden



First Advisor

Muirhead, Peter M.


The Thesis is a study of current marine simulation technology, and of the historical and current developments in training seafarers through the use of simulation techniques. The range of marine simulation systems is vast, and a brief look is taken at the design, categorization and definition of the systems, with special emphasis on the significance in classifying this equipment. The reasons for utilizing simulation training techniques are examined, taking into account the inadequacy of traditional training methods in the rapid technological changes that have taken place. Traditional and technological training systems are evaluated and compared. Simulation training methodologies used in some selected training establishments are discussed. The use of marine simulators as an assessment tool and its effectiveness in the training context are investigated. Additionally, a brief look is also taken in identifying the present training needs in terms of shiphandling operations, considering the concerns of various International bodies such as the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the International Marine Simulation Forum (IMSF) and, the current revision of the Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for seafarers (STCW) regarding simulation training. The results from this research project have led to the identification of simulation training equipment considered appropriate to meet the training needs in the Maritime Education and Training System in Fiji. In addition, proposed plans for various simulation training programmes are devised and the impact of implementing such a development in Fiji are discussed. The concluding chapters, inter-alia, discuss the adequacy of using simulators as a training tool and, the significance of educating and training simulation instructors. A number of recommendations are made concerning the acquisition of equipment and on the role of instructors.