Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs


Maritime Education & Training


Malmö, Sweden



First Advisor

Muirhead, Peter M.


This dissertation is a study of the various aspects of oil pollution in the Malaysian marine environment. The rich Malaysian maritime heritage provides the background and highlights the significance of the notable topic in question. The sensitive and high pollution potential areas are identified. This corresponds to the problems of piracy, vessel traffic management and the management of the marine biodiversity. The associated issues are examined to provide deeper understanding of the problems faced by the policy makers and their efforts to find appropriate solutions. The global marine environment protection framework is discussed and comparison made to the Malaysian scene. The major pollution incidents and the international regulatory responses are expounded. Development of legislation in recent years and its effect on training and education is reviewed, taking into consideration the varying views of the different parties involved in the maritime field. The configuration of a strategic oil spill contingency plan is deliberated with reference to the global perspective. The national and regional oil spill response capabilities are explored and analyzed, while the various approaches adopted by successful organizations in the protection of the marine environment against oil pollution are examined. Proposals and recommendations are made to improve the safety of navigation and protection of the Malaysian marine environment. A significant area addressed is the importance of training and education. This has coerced a direct impact on the pivotal role of Akademi Laut Malaysia in the integrated and professional approach required for the interest of sustainable development and the conservation of the seas and the coastal fringes of Malaysia.