Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs


Maritime Education & Training


Malmö, Sweden



First Advisor

Muirhead, Peter M.


This dissertation considers the application of distance education (DE) methodology in the field of maritime education and training (MET) for the first time in Malaysia. To date, this technique has only been scarcely used universally, within the context of MET. The research examines the sequential structure and origin of MET within the framework of the country's national policies and background, with emphasis laid on maritime issues. The outcome of this examination provides the rationale for the investigation into the need for the employment of DE as an innovative and novel concept in MET while underlining the benefits for the parties concerned. A general approach introduces this vast DE field. The fundamental concepts of DE are first studied, advantages and drawbacks underlined, and its current application in various areas illustrated, with emphasis on its use in Malaysia. Modern technology is discussed with a view to its possible uses. Various possibilities with regard to DE's untapped potential areas are surveyed. Collaboration with local and foreign DE institutions are compared. The evaluation of the research leads to the design of a proposed course through DE's integration with a conventionally-taught course, that is a hybrid, course, for its possible use at the Maritime Academy of Malaysia (ALAM). Special attention is paid to DE's limitations. An analysis of the research concludes that a powerful policy and a dynamic supportive administration needs to be introduced to back the academic faculty. Various suggestions are offered, citing staff organization structures from a renowned DE institution. The concluding chapter discusses policies in general terms and an appraisal of their feasibility at ALAM, subject to a number of criteria. Various recommendations are made to support the success of the project.