Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs


Maritime Education & Training


Malmö, Sweden



First Advisor

Zade, Günther.


This thesis is a study o-f collision cases, with particular reference to END-ON collisions at sea. The main section deals with 10 collision cases. They are summarised in such a way as to serve as the basis for teaching materials, when teaching the collision regulations for prevention of collision at sea to the students of the Merchant Marine Academy in Libya. In each case Rules violated and lessons learnt are highlighted. Rules concerned here are The Rules Of The Road (C0LREG). This study of END-ON collisions has shown that the collision rules dealing with this particular type of encounter are frequently ambiguous and consequently cause some confusion. In light of this fact these rules are explained and emphasized in order to ensure their proper understanding by the students studying the RULES OF THE ROAD. One of the main factors likely to affect the incidence of ship collision is the human factor, which is considered in Chapter (IV). The problems faced in analysing this factor and some practical measures to reduce the risk of collision are presented. The final chapter is a summary of lessons learnt and a recommendation for how the investigation of colisions can serve the teaching of marine personnel. The need for global co-operation is emphasized in this connection.