Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs


Maritime Education & Training


Malmö, Sweden



First Advisor

Muirhead, Peter M.


The improvement of operational capabilities of the individual mariner can be enhanced by the use of PC based simulator tools. This research attempts to examine the current and future development of PC based simulator products and investigate how such tools can be used effectively in MET institutions. The basic structure of a PC based simulator is first discussed. An introduction to fundamentals of PC based simulation and the elements that contribute to the operation of the modem PC based simulator is provided. The benefits of PC based simulation as an open learning tool are highlighted. A brief evaluation of potentially useful PC based simulators in the light of new international standards is conducted. Considerations for software approaches and current PC based simulator software products are also discussed. The impact of the revised STCW Convention on MET programs with reference to the use of new technology is considered. The staff training and role of instructors are taken into account. The qualifications of instructors and assessors are discussed. This paper also investigates the selected simulation training methodology in MET establishments. A brief description of other types of simulation is made.This paper makes recommendations for the introduction of PC based technology into the Myanmar MET system and that of developing countries.