Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs


Maritime Education & Training


Malmö, Sweden



First Advisor

Muirhead, Peter M.


Education and training has a definite role in the preparation for the performance of a professional job. The complementary relationship of education and training is examined in this context. The discussion discloses how the actual practice of the professional work differs from what is taught in the classrooms. This concerns the instruction system, its relevance and timeliness and how effective it is in completing the preparation necessary for the adequate performance of a professional work. The paper describes the prevailing situation in maritime education and training delivering such instructions specifically at the Philippine Merchant Marine Academy as a representative institution. Several points in the description are true generally in the situation of MET in developing countries. Competence is judged right in the workplace. The focus of the training concept presented in the paper is the actual performance of a professional work. Applying this concept recognizes a training need. The actual job performance becomes the prescribed student perfomance and brings the study of the professional work inside the classrooms. A new instruction system accomplishes the task of converting the routines of the actual shipboard work into units of instruction. Instructors need to alternately teach ashore and board ships for a shipboard duty to deliver such new system of instructions and to update themselves and the course topics they will teach. This involves many administrative issues concerning the faculty, implications on hiring and participation of the shipping companies, and crucial implications in the existing academic programs. Adoption of the new instruction system is further supported by the requirements of the revised Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping 1978 and the implementation of the International Safety Management Code. Conclusions are formulated in the final chapter with recommendations for the implementation of the whole scheme in maritime schools.