Date of Award

1997

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Master of Science in Maritime Affairs

Specialization

Maritime Administration & Environmental Protection

Campus

Malmö, Sweden

Country

Tunisia

First Advisor

Sampson, Theodore

Abstract

The dissertation is a real investigation in the marine environment field, which few people are familiar with, although it concerns everybody. The investigation being carried out in three steps; each step covering one aspect of the marine environment, and the result is given in the conclusion. As a first step, the main problems affecting the marine environment in Tunisia, are identified and analysed. An attempt is made to identify the impact of such problems on the marine environment, human health and the national economy. In the second part, the institutional framework, dealing with the marine environment, is presented and analysed. The role of the different organisations is identified showing the mains strengths and weaknesses of the network. In the same part, the legal framework is also studied. The national environmental legislation is analysed in the context of pollution prevention, waste management and resources management. The international legislation is analysed focusing on the involvement of Tunisia in the global and regional marine environmental treaties, and the implications of the implementation of such treaties on the administration and the national economy. The third part covers the different approaches adopted in dealing with marine pollution. Public awareness, financial incentives, management of municipal and industrial wastes in the coastal zone and the response strategy are all discussed in this part. The deficiencies of the different approaches and strategies are also highlighted. The conclusion is a summary of all the findings and results of the study. It contains also some recommendations for the improvement of some actions and a review of others.

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